LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT | ANALYSIS
Labour and employment are critical factors in the production of goods and services. Thus, the improvement of the quality of the country's labour force and the efforts to make it more productive are crucial for the development of the economy.
This chapter deals with the principal statistics of employment through Labour Exchange Offices and overseas employment in Myanmar. It also presents data on the distribution of new registrations, job vacancies and people who were placed into employment by Labour Exchange Offices in Yangon and other States/Regions. While the employment opportunities are greater in Yangon Region, there is also a higher concentration of job seekers in this region. In the whole country, the number of job seekers remains higher than the job opportunities.

EMPLOYMENT THROUGH LABOUR EXCHANGE OFFICES
The effect of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) emergency is more evident in most recent monthly data (March 2021). In Yangon Region, new registrations decreased by 94.7%, vacancies notified, the number of submissions made for the vacancies and the number of people who were placed into employment for each decreased by 92.1% compared with the same month of 2019. In other States and Regions, new registrations, vacancies notified, the number of submissions made for the vacancies and the number of people who were placed into employment decreased by 87.8%, 92.3%, 92.5% and 92.0% compared with the same month of the previous year.
Compare the 2018-2019 and 2019-2020, the number registered, vacancies notified, the number of submissions made for the vacancies and the number of people who were placed into employment decreased in Yangon Region. Meanwhile, number of registered and the number of submissions made for the vacancies increased in Other States and Regions.

OVERSEAS EMPLOYMENT
The main destinations for overseas employment are Thailand, Malaysia, Korea, Singapore, Japan, United Arab Emirates and Qatar. In 2019-2020, 75.1% of overseas workers were employed in Thailand, and 20.8% in Malaysia. The total overseas employment decreased by 49.7% between 2018-2019 and 2019-2020. Overseas employment licensed agencies have not been able to send any overseas workers to the other countries in the same period.

LOCAL EMPLOYMENT
In March 2021, the contribution of the number of people who were placed in the public sector to the total placements were 1.8% and 98.2% in the private sector through Labour Exchange Offices. Among them, 64.4% of workers were in Yangon Region and the remaining 35.6% were in the other States and Regions.

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