TRANSPORTATION AND TRAVEL | ANALYSIS
Transportation statistics comprises of domestic public transport, road transportation and merchant shipping. Domestic Public Transport described freight ton-miles and passenger-miles for Railways, Road transport, Inland water transport and Airways.
For Railways transport, there are 448,352 thousand freight ton-miles and 1,927,696 thousand passanger-miles in 2017-2018, October to September and 187,039 thousand freight ton-miles and 810,576 thousand passenger-miles in 2018-2019, October to February.
For Road transport, freight ton-miles and passenger-miles are 194,079 thousand freight ton-miles, 399,503 thousand passenger-miles in 2017-2018, October to September and 92,869 thousand freight ton-miles, 184,017 thousand passenger-miles in 2018-2019, October to February.
For Inland water transport, freight ton-miles and passenger-miles are 61,994 thousand freight ton-miles and 38,740 thousand passenger-miles in 2017-2018, October to September and 27,154 thousand freight ton-miles and 16,266 thousand passenger-miles in 2018-2019, October to February.
For Airways transport, freight ton-miles and passenger-miles are 224 thousand freight ton-miles and 350,245 thousand passenger-miles in 2017-2018, October to September and 151 thousand freight ton-miles and 166,728 thousand passenger-miles in 2018-2019, October to February.
There are 6,680,006 registered motor vehicles entire in the country in 2016-2017 October to September and 7,092,843 in 2017-2018, October to September.

DOMESTIC PUBLIC TRANSPORT
Domestic public transport is presented through four indicators: Railways, Road transport, Inland water transport and Airways. Railways transportation is the main transportation in the public sector with a share of 63.5% of total public transportation in February 2019.

When comparing February 2018 and February 2019, Railways transport decreased by 6.57% for freight ton-miles and 1.45% for passenger-miles. Road transport increased by 24.73% for freight ton-miles and decreased by 0.83% for passenger-miles when comparing February 2018 and February 2019. Inland water transport increased by 11.63% for freight ton-miles and 3.94% for passenger-miles when comparing February 2018 and February 2019.

Over the same period, Airways transport increased by 336% for freight ton-miles and 18.91% for passenger-miles.

ROAD TRANSPORTATION
With the adoption of economic reforms in 2011, the Government emphasized the importance of sustained and inclusive development of its people. The Ministry of Commerce made a policy reform for car import. In consequence, many medium income households could purchase new cars, thus car density increased year after year. Total Registered Motor Vehicles has increased by 12.63% in 2016-2017 and by 6.18% in 2017-2018, compared to the previous year. On the other hand, Public and Private Road Transport has gradually decreased from 2012 to 2017.

Yangon City Private Transport includes bus service. When comparing February 2018 and February 2019, the transport of passengers by Yangon City Private Transport increased by 14.7% for both passengers and passenger-miles, by 6.3% increased for number of buses and pick-ups in operation per day, by 6.1% increased for number of trips per day and by 15.3% increased for gross earnings.

The transport of Mandalay City Private Transport decreased by 12.6% for both passengers and passenger-miles, by 12.7% for both number of buses and pick-ups in operation per day and number of trips per day, by 12.8% for gross earning when comparing 2016-2017 and 2017-2018. However, the level of passengers using bus service in Mandalay is not very high because people use mainly their owned two-wheeled vehicles such as motorcycles and bicycles rather than private transportation.

MERCHANT SHIPPING(Coastal Trade)
Coastal trade means trading of goods by ship from one port to another in the same country.

When comparing January 2019 and February 2019 for coastal trade, entry decreased by 19.5% for vessels and 15% for tonnage, and clearance increased by 10.4% for vessels and 6.4% for tonnage.

TOURISM
This Section presents the tourism industry up to February 2019. The analysis is carried out for the international tourist arrivals and for tourist arrivals at Yangon, Mandalay and Naypyitaw international airports by nationality of tourists.

In February 2019, 367,733 tourists travelled arrival to Myanmar. The number of visitors entered from the border tourism gates is more than that at the entry- gates of Yangon, Mandalay and Naypyitaw international airports. The contribution of tourist arrivals by land to the total was 47.3%, more than the 8.7% of tourist arrivals by sea and 44.0% by air. The largest amount of tourist by land is 173,831.

The growth rate of total international tourist arrivals in 2017-2018 increased 2.93% compared with 2016-2017. The total tourist arrivals in February 2019 is 367,733 and the tourist arrivals in February 2018 was 282,645 which represents an increased of 30.1% in tourism sector. Over the same period, there has increased in tourist arrivals by air of 34.3%, by land of 33.4% and by sea of 0.7%.

Arrivals from Chinese, Taiwanese, Indian and Korean increased by 50.9%, 11.2%, 9.4% and 8.8% respectively in 2017-2018 compared to 2016-2017.

We find that male represents 56.3% and female 43.7% of the total tourist arrivals in 2017-2018 and male represents 56.0% and female 44.0% of the total tourist arrivals in 2016-2017. Male tourist arrivals increased and Female tourist arrivals decreased in 2017-2018 compared to 2016-2017.

As of 1st August 2018, visa-free travel is only permitted for countries like Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Macao and Hongkong. On October, adding on to the visa-free entry are Japan and South Korea. Japanese and South Korean visitors are able to enter by air and land without a visa.

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