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 Home >> Myanmar in Brief
CLIMATE
   The climate of Myanmar is roughly divided into three seasons: summer, rainy season and cold season. From March to mid-May are summer months; the rain falls from mid-May to the end of October and the cold season starts in November and ends in the end of February. Generally, Myanmar enjoys a tropical monsoon climate. However, climatic conditions differ widely from place to place due to widely differing topographical situations. For instance, Central Myanmar has an annual rainfall of less than 40 inches while the Rakhine coast gets about 200 inches.
   Besides, the average highest temperature in Central Myanmar during the summer months March and April is above 110° F (43.3 degree centigrade) while in Northern Myanmar, it is about 79° F(36.1 degree centigrade) and on the Shan Plateau between 85° F and 95° F(29.4 centigrade and 35 degree). Temperature of towns vary according to their location and elevation.
   The location and topography of the country create summer, rainy season, and cold season. Extremes of temperature are not encountered. The direction of winds and depression bring rains, and in some years, severe storms occur causing damage from storm in coastal regions. In order to bring about the favourable climatic conditions, the State has given priority to the Nine Districts Special Region Refoliation Project.

January ... 19 degrees Centigrade
February ... 23 degrees Centigrade
March ... 29 degrees Centigrade
April ... 32 degrees Centigrade
May ... 33 degrees Centigrade
June ... 33 degrees Centigrade
July ... 32 degrees Centigrade
August ... 32 degrees Centigrade
September ... 30 degrees Centigrade
October ... 28 degrees Centigrade
November ... 18 degrees Centigrade
December ... 16 degrees Centigrade

FLORA AND FAUNA
   Myanmar is endowed with a rich diversity of habitat types arising largely from its unusual ecological diversity. It is home to nearly 300 known mammal species, 300 reptiles, and about 100 bird species.
   The country is also a haven for about 7000 species of plant life. The potential worth of plant species in Myanmar is considerable.
   Since Myanmar considers such a rich pool of biodiversity as an important national asset, the government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar has drawn up strict regulations to protect its reservoir of biodiversity and biological resources.

POPULATION


POPULATION (UNION)
Year
Million Annual Growth Rate (%)
Male
Female
Total
2006-2007
28.10
28.42
56.52
2.02
2007-2008
28.58
28.92
57.50
1.75
2008-2009
29.03
29.35
58.38
1.52
2009-2010
29.40
29.73
59.13
1.29
2010-2011
29.72
30.06
59.78
1.10
2011-2012
29.84
30.54
60.38
1.01
2012-2013(Provisional)
30.14
30.84
60.98
0.98

Population (Regions and States)
Sr.No
Regions/States 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
In Million
In Million
In Million
1 Kachin
1.579
1.598
1.616
2 Kayah
0.356
0.360
0.365
3 Kayin
1.816
1.836
1.855
4 Chin
0.554
0.563
0.571
5 Sagaing
6.541
6.598
6.654
6 Tanintharyi
1.714
1.734
1.755
7 Bago
6.008
6.067
6.125
8 Magway
5.623
5.677
5.730
9 Mandalay
7.394
7.353
7.423
10 Mon
3.137
3.165
3.193
11 Rakhine
3.306
3.339
3.370
12 Yangon
7.023
7.097
7.170
13 Shan
5.66
5.720
5.780
14 Ayeyarwaddy
8.041
8.124
8.205
15 Naypyitaw
1.028
1.153
1.164
  Union Total
59.780
60.384
60.976

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