National Statistical system
1. The Myanmar National Statistical System (NSS), comprised of various government departments and agencies in Myanmar that produce statistics, is a highly decentralized statistical system. It means the cooperation system among the government departments, organizations and private sector in compiling official statistics referring to the collected data, administrative records or primary data of other statistical data compilation.
2. The Central Statistical Organization (CSO) was firstly formed as Central Statistical and Economic Development (CSED) in 1952, according to the Central Statistical Authority Act No. (34-A) of 1952. CSED had been published various statistical publications and the National Account was calculated by the CSED from 1952 to 1967. CSED was reorganized as CSO in 1974 to emphasis more than the past on statistical matters. The Statistics Law 2018 as The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No.1/2018 was enacted to replace the Central Statistical Authority Act, 1952 (Act No. 34, 1952) on 22 January, 2018.
The objectives are
(a) to emerge the Myanmar National Statistical System which compiles and provides the accurate, quality, and credible statistics timely;
(b) to develop the Myanmar National Statistical System;
(c) to support the preparation of policies and plans, or monitoring and evaluation of activities, or resources allocation, or doing research and development activities through accurate and quality statistics;
(d) to strengthen and facilitate coordination and cooperation effectively and rapidly among departments and organizations relevant to statistics;
(e) to increase trust between government and the people, and the international community by accessing and using the accurate and quality statistics.3. CSO is organized into six divisions, namely Economic Statistics Division, Social Statistics Division, Trade Statistics Division, Administrative and Computer Division, Survey and Research Statistics Division, and Regional Office, of which four handle statistical tasks.
3. CSO is organized into six divisions, namely Economic Statistics Division, Social Statistics Division, Trade Statistics Division, Administrative and Computer Division, Survey and Research Statistics Division, and Regional Office.
4. Empowered by the Act, CSO is publishing the following publications on a regular basis:
Myanmar Statistical Yearbook (Annual)
Myanmar Statistical Yearbook is a yearly publication, that is expressed as time series data on: climate, territory, population, health and social welfare, vital statistics, justice and security, education, households and social issues, labour and employment, national accounts, agriculture, livestock and fishery, forestry, industry, construction, Myanmar macro, small and medium enterprises survey, tourism, foreign trade, Myanmar citizen investment and foreign investment, transport and communications, prices and internal trade, public finance, banking and financial market.
Quarterly Statistics Bulletin
In the Quarterly Statistics Bulletin, there are expressed as quarter by quarter comparison of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Private/Public Production, Trade, Consumer Price Index (CPI), Rate of Inflation, the Prices of Commodities, Investment, Monetary, Transportation, Tourism and Labor statistics. This publication was started in December, 2016.
Selected Monthly Economic Indicators (monthly)
Selected Monthly Economic Indicators (SMEI) has been published since the early Fifties. It provides monthly data on: Foreign Trade, Production, Price, Finance, Investment, Transport and Travel, Labour and Employment.
Myanmar Agricultural Statistics (1997-1998 to 2009-2010)
The book is published in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation urgency of the need for time- series data on agriculture to the support the realization of basic economic objectives of the country.
Livestock and Fisheries Statistics (2008-2009)
The book is published in collaboration with the Ministry of livestock and fisheries. It contains detailed statistical information which indicates the existing situation of livestock and fisheries statistics.
Myanmar Forestry Statistics (2001-2002 to 2010-2011)
The book is published in collaboration with the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (formely known as Ministry of Forestry) This publication provides data of information with detailed forestry statistics, but also reflects its significant role of the forestry.
Myanmar Agricultural Statistics (2006-2007 to 2015-2016)
The book is published in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, livestock and Irrigation and Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation. It offers detailed statistical information of Population, Weather and Land, Inputs, Production, Export and Import about Agriculture, livestock and Forestry statistics.
Vital Statistics Report
The report provides vital statistics relating to live births, still births, deaths, infant mortality, under 5 mortality, maternal mortality, causes of death as well as life expectancy at birth by township and by urban/rural.
Household Income and Expenditure Survey
This Household Income and Expenditure Survey was conducted with the following objectives: to investigate into the change in consumption pattern, and expenditure of households at the township level, State and Region level and Union level, separately for urban and rural areas, to get the necessary weights in computing Consumer Price Index (CPI) for the cities and for the Union and to access the standard of living of the households and the poverty level in Myanmar.
Rural Development Survey in Dry Zones
This Rural Development Survey was conducted with the following objectives: to analysis by comparing of economic, social, education and health status improvement and development in the rural villages, to analysis by computing and comparing of improvement indicators to be able to measure of the rural villages development and to access the standard of living of the households and the poverty level in Myanmar.
Informal Sector Survey
This Informal Sector Survey was conducted with the following objectives: to obtain information on the Informal Employment and Informal Income, it is also intended to use the GDP calculation when the method of 93 SNA, 2008 SNA is used.
Myanmar Business Survey (2015)
The objective of the Myanmar Business Survey 2015(MBS) is to address these limitations and to provide comprehensive economic statistics on the private sector of Myanmar, to inform both government policy-makers and non-government stakeholders, and to provide a key data source for the calculation of national accounts.
Myanmar Living Conditions Survey (MLCS)
The main objectives of the Myanmar Living Conditions Survey (MLCS) are providing the updated estimates of poverty and living conditions at the State/Region level, to inform National data needs and selected SDG targets, Construct consumption weights for the National CPI basket, potentially with Rural/Urban and State/Region level breakdown and estimate Private Consumption Expenditure (PCE) for the System of National Accounts (SNA). This survey will conduct in every (5) years.
National Mortality Survey
The survey is to be conducted every ten years to measure infant, under 5 and maternal mortality. It provides birth and death information by urban-rural residence and by gender.
Ad Hoc Surveys
Report on ad hoc surveys on: private industries, private transport, housing construction, agricultural cost, children and women, vital registration completeness survey, wholesale and retail price survey, etc.
5. Apart from the statistical work mentioned above, a number of nation-wide censuses and surveys had been undertaken by respective government agencies to meet their own statistical needs, such as such as 2014 Population and Housing Census (Department of Population), Labour Force Survey (Department of Labour), Demographic and Health Survey (Ministry of Health and Sports), Census of Agriculture (Settlement and Land Record Department), Integrated Household Living Conditions Assessment Surveys (Department of Planning), Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey on Myanmar Children (Department of Planning, Department of Planning and Statistics, Ministry of Health). Population census due in 1973 has yet to be undertaken by Population Department.
6. The electronic version (CD Product) of the Statistical Yearbooks have been available since 1997. It is a user-friendly web Interface system on the CD-ROM to retrieve and/or print the time-series socio-economic data on Myanmar. The data can also be loaded on the Excel format for further analysis.
7. Develop the Statistical Database Management and Service System which is an integrated statistical database with the ability to disseminate it through an online service for public using website at www.mmsis.gov.mm.